Mahshi(Egyptian recipe)


Ingredients

1. One stick of butter (4 OZ).
2. Four small or three medium onions.
3. One cup of water.
4. One can tomato paste (12 OZ).

5. One Cabbage.
6. Four more cups of water.
7. One small spoons of Salt and 1/4 spoon of Pepper.
8. Four cups Rice.
9. Chopped Parsley.
10. Four bouillion cubes.

Procedure

1. Wash the four cups of rice several times, and keep it in water for about ½ an hour. Then, wash rice, drain water out.
2. Cut the cabbage core. Carfully separate the cabbage leaves.
3. Boil water, then place about 10 leaves in the boiling water for about 5 minutes. Remove leaves and drain the leaves. Then, add more leaves to the boiling water and repeat until you are done cooking all leaves.
4. Cook one stick of butter with onions, until the onion becomes brown. Then, add one cup of water and tomato paste to the onion. Cover them and cook together on low for about 10 minutes. Stir every 2 minutes.
5. Add tomato paste and onion mixture to rice. Add one small spoon of Salt and 1/4 spoon of Pepper to the rice. Add chopped parsley to the rice, and mix well.
6. Soup Mixture: Boil 4 cups of water and add four Beef or Chicken bouillion cubes to the water. Boil for 2 minutes.

7. The most difficult part: Cut big cooked cabbage leaves in half. Place a small amount of rice mixture in leaf and roll.
8. Put foil in the bottom of a sauce pan. Place all rolled cabbage in the pan.
9. Cover the rolled cabbage with the soup mixture.
10. Cook for about 50 minutes on medium heat. Check until the water disappears. Keep checking every 5 minutes until it is cooked

The left over cabbage and rice can be mixed together and cooked as a casserole.

King Tut Wasn't Bludgeoned to Death: Study

CT scans of King Tutankhamun's mummy may put the world's oldest "cold case" to rest, refuting the notion that the ruler's enemies bludgeoned him to death.

Instead, a festering leg wound may have led to the boy-king's early demise at 19, more than 3,300 years ago, researchers say.

The scans, the first ever performed on an identified royal Egyptian mummy, "finally lay to rest this rather loosely based conjecture about a murder plot. I don't think that anyone who reads the findings as they are written can believe that any longer," said Dr. David Mininberg, a New York City physician who also holds a degree in Middle Eastern Art and is an expert in the medicine of ancient Egypt.

Mininberg was not directly involved in the study but reviewed the paper prior to its presentation Monday at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, in Chicago.

Because of the spectacular trove of objects found in 1922 in his intact tomb, Tutankhamun remains the most famous of the hundreds of royal mummies buried throughout Egypt. However, the reasons for his early death remain mysterious.

One of the more sensational theories stems from the fact that his skull appeared to contain loose bone fragments. This led to the notion that the young man was bludgeoned to death by his enemies, then quickly entombed to hide the evidence.

It's a theory few serious Egyptologists ever entertained seriously, according to Mininberg.

For the new research, a team led by radiologist Dr. Ashraf Selim of Cairo University's Kasr El Aini Teaching Hospital used high-tech CT scans to examine Tutankhamun's corpse in minute detail. The corpse had been cut into several pieces and was in a "critical stage of preservation," they wrote.

According to the researchers, Tutankhamun died at between 18 and 20 years of age and measured about 5-feet, 11-inches in height. They also concluded that the bone fragments found inside the pharaoh's skull came from the first vertebrae in his neck, not his cranium.

Some mishap, perhaps during a modern X-ray examination, probably explains the dislocated fragments, Selim's team concluded. The upper vertebrae may even have made their way into the skull 84 years ago, when a team led by British Egyptologist and Tut discoverer Howard Carter pried off the mummy's golden mask.

"I think this lays to rest the notion that the bone fragments in the head were caused pre-mortem, before his death," said Dr. Joseph Tashjian, a St. Paul, Minn., radiologist and member of the RSNA's public information committee. "It's pretty clear, looking at the images from this study, that they almost certainly came from the removal of the mask from the head. It definitely didn't occur either pre-mortem or even during the embalming period."

Mininberg believes the new study is the final nail in the coffin for the murder-plot hypothesis. "The old theory, which was believed by very few people, has now been completely laid to rest by good scientific work rather than conjecture," he said.

So, what did Tutankhamun die of? The CT scans show evidence of a major fracture to the thigh bone that could have occurred prior to the king's death. According to Selim's team, this wound may have led to a fatal infection.

The wound was still unhealed at the time of the pharaoh's death because "embalming fluid went into the fracture," noted Tashjian, who was not involved in the Tut research but has had prior experience scanning a long-dead mummy.

"I think the femur fracture probably is significant," Tashjian said. "Number one, it's not healed. Number two, femur fractures -- any long-bone fracture -- can have a number of complications, any of which can lead to death, either from infection or an embolism. It's an unusual way to die, from a fracture, but it does happen, even now."

However, a final answer on that score may never emerge, Mininberg said.

"The problem is that the soft tissue is changed by the mummification process, and there is no clear evidence of infection in the bone," he explained. "However, with a fracture as extensive as that was, it wouldn't be unheard of for it to become infected. That's a reasonable conjecture."

The new research probably won't dim the aura of mystery surrounding Tutankhamun's remains -- or the supposed "curse" that follows anyone who disturbs them.

"While performing the CT scan of King Tut, we had several strange occurrences," Selim noted in a prepared statement. "The electricity suddenly went out, the CT scanner could not be started, and a team member became ill. If we weren't scientists, we might have become believers in the curse of the Pharoahs."

The pyramids



among the largest constructions ever built by man, constitute one of the most potent and enduring symbols of Ancient Egyptian civilization. It is generally accepted by most archaeologists that they were constructed as burial monuments associated with royal solar and stellar cults, and most were built during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods

Men


Why o Why do most men have such limited understanding??
It's not that hard to use your brain in the correct manner.

You take in the information.....you process it.....you think about it.....and then you reply with wot should be common sense or act in an appropriate manner!!

Yeah right!!!!
More like.....you take in half the information....you jump to the wrong conclusion because of this.....You expect yes no answers and no logical explanations thrown in cos your brain would overload and can't cope! Then after you've been totally unreasonable you act like nothings happened and its all sorted! Mean while theres us stood there in dis-believe at the mental age difference!
Arrrrrrrr MEN!!

Pharaonic cemetery discovered in Luxor




Sunday, November 19, 2006

The Egyptian-French archeological mission has discovered a Pharaohnic cemetery inside the ancient Ramsis Temple in Luxor.

The cemetery contains kitchens, ovens and a school for children. Secretary General of the Supreme Council for Antiquities (SCA) Zahi Hawwas said the grand cemetery was not royal but rather public.

.

High Tech Laser Cleaning Egyptian Tomb



Ancient Egyptian tombs are priceless, and conserving them is a challenge to conservators. For the first time ever, researchers have used laser light to remove the accumulated dirt of millennia. The setting was the tomb of a high-ranking official not far from the Valley of the Kings.

If only Neferhotep could see it: 3 300 years after his death, a researcher enters his tomb, directs a beam of light at the wall, and the accumulated dirt of millennia comes off with no trouble at all! Dr. Michael Panzner of the Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS in Dresden is the first scientist to use a laser for cleaning an Egyptian tomb. Adorned with wall paintings, stone sculptures and reliefs, the tomb was once that of the senior scribe Neferhotep, who served in the temple of the god Amun. "The paintings on the walls are immeasurably valuable, for they tell us a great deal about the life of a high-ranking official", explains conservator Birte Graue. In this project sponsored by the Gerda-Henkel-Stiftung, she and her colleagues Susanne Brinkmann and Christina Verbeek are seeking new techniques for cleaning the surfaces of ancient Egyptian tombs. The team is supported by the physicist Michael Panzner.

Armed with a mobile laser supplied by Clean-Lasersysteme GmbH, the Fraunhofer researcher went up into Neferhotep's burial chamber and started his pioneering work on a narrow strip of wall just a few millimeters wide. "Cleaning art monuments with laser light is a challenge in many ways", explains Panzner. "Because they are unique, they must on no account be damaged. In addition to this, every subsurface – be it plaster, mortar or stone, has specific physical properties and reacts to the laser light accordingly." The art is to adjust the frequency, pulse energy and pulse duration in such a way that the dirt is removed while conserving the paint and the subsurface.

"We approached these problems with great caution," says Panzner. He started off by treating the test areas on the wall of the burial chamber with laser parameters that applied only a very low energy charge to the surface. After each trial run, he and the conservators examined the result through a microscope. Then they gradually modified the
parameters until the ideal settings for damage-free cleaning had been found. The result is impressive: "The technology is highly suitable for removing dirt in ancient Egyptian tombs", Christina Verbeek sums up. "If you know what the laser can do, and what its strengths and weaknesses are, it is an excellent supplement to the usual mechanical and chemical conservation methods."

Under the bandages King Tut is all man




AN ANCIENT riddle of the sands has been solved by modern hospital technology. The mummified remains of King Tutankhamun have been found to be, let us say, intact.

When a team from Liverpool University X-rayed the body in 1968, about 3,300 years after the 19-year-old king’s death, they could find no sign of his penis. There was speculation that it had been stolen and sold to a private collector. There are people who do collect such things. But Zahi Hawass, head of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities, discovered the missing member using a hospital CT scanner during a recent study of the remains.

What was feared lost was where it should have been. “It has always been there,” Professor Hawass told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation this week. “I found it during the scan when the mummy was lifted; it lay loose in the sand around the king’s body.”

All matters appeared intact when King Tut was first removed from his tomb by the Times-sponsored archaeologist Howard Carter in 1922, and photographed by Harry Burton, the official cameraman. Dr Eduard Egarter Vigl, a mummy expert and a member of the recent scanning team, explained yesterday: “The pharaoh’s sex organ is clearly visible in Burton’s pictures; all was normal in King Tut. The penis is a highly vascularised organ and shrinks when it is mummified.

Actually, King Tut has been flattered by the embalmers’ work.”

Where to buy decent quality duvets and blankets in Egypt?


where do I find these in Cairo?
Been to Carrefour where they are cheap but very poor quality. Plus they don't do the Western style duvet with seperate cover
OMAR EFFENDI OR TAWHEED WA NOUR. THEY'RE DOTTED ALL OVER THE PLACE AND HAVE REGULAR SALES.

grilled halloumi cheese kebabs.



Marinate cubes of halloumi cheese in olive oil, lemon juice, lime juice, garlic, black pepper, fresh rosemary and basil, with diced plums, courgettes, red onions, peppers. Leave the marinade overnight in the fridge.
Next day, place all ingredients on skewers and grill!
easy, and delicious.
Even I cant get it wrong!

Chicken & Rice w/Chili's Soup


Boil chicken with an onion until tender. De-bone. Cut up how you wish. (it's your soup) Return to broth.

I add; dried parsley and basil ( a good bit), salt pepper, spoonful of garlic, couple of chicken boullion cubes, sprinkle of poultry seasing. (if I have it, usually don't lol)

I use a can of Veg-All, green beans, extra potatoes, or whatever extra I have. Big can of tomatoes. (preferably stewed) 1 cup of cooked rice. (I rinse rice before cooking when I put in a soup. So it doesn't become too thick) 1 or 2 cans of chopped green chilis. A few shakes of Tabasco. Fill pot with water. Cook down for at least an hour. The longer the better.

Oh yeah! I add a little extra virgin olive oil to everything I cook.

Alternatives: Sometimes I use Rotel tomatoes, add a cup or so of cooked mixed beans (black, kidney, lentils, great northern or lima, or whatever I have except for pinto beans.

When it's really cold outside, I use the Ro-tell, chili's, and Tabasco.

Be thankful


Be thankful that you don't already have everything you desire. If you did, what would there be to look forward to? Be thankful when you don't know something, for it gives you the opportunity to learn.

Be thankful for the difficult times. During those times you grow. Be thankful for your limitations, because they give you opportunities for improvement. Be thankful for each new challenge, because it will build your strength and character.

Be thankful for your mistakes. They will teach you valuable lessons. Be thankful when you're tired and weary, because it means you've made a difference.

It's easy to be thankful for the good things. A life of rich fulfillment comes to those who are also thankful for the setbacks. Gratitude can turn a negative into a positive.

Find a way to be thankful for your troubles, and they can become your blessings. Have a Happy Thanksgiving!

~ Unknown

Suez






in northeastern Egypt, located on the Gulf of Suez, near the mouth of the Suez Canal. having the same boundaries as Suez Governorate, at the northern extremity of the Gulf of Suez, near the southern terminus of the Suez Canal. It has two harbors, Port Ibrahim and Port Tawfiq, and extensive port facilities. Rail lines and highways connect the city with Cairo and Port Said. Suez has a petrochemical plant, and its oil refineries have pipelines carrying the finished product to Cairo.

Inside Egyptian street

A look on Egypt



officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country in North Africa that includes the Sinai Peninsula, a land bridge to Asia. Covering an area of about 1,001,450 square kilometers (386,560 square miles), Egypt borders Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and Israel and the Gaza Strip to the northeast; on the north and the east are the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, respectively.

Aswan



Aswan is the ancient city of Swan, which was in antiquity the frontier town of Egypt to the south. It stood upon a peninsula on the right (east) bank of the Nile, immediately below the first cataract, which extend to it from Philae. It is supposed to have derived its name from an Egyptian goddess with the same name, the Ilithya of the Greeks, and of which the import is the opener.

Egypt Visa Information


Can anyone tell me what kind of visa(s) I would need if I was setting up a business in Egypt? And how I'd go about getting it?
A:Go to the Mogammo building downtown Cairo 2 nd floor. Ask for residency work visa.

The red sea



The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. The connection to the ocean is in the south through the Bab el Mandeb sound and the Gulf of Aden. In the north are the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba or the Gulf of Eilat and the Gulf of Suez (leading to the Suez Canal).

Occupying a part of the Great Rift Valley, the Red Sea has a surface area of roughly 174,000 square miles (450,000 km²): being roughly 1,200 miles (1,900 km) long and, at its widest point, over 190 miles (300 km) wide. It has a maximum depth of 8,200 feet (2,500 m) in the central median trench and an average depth of 1,640 feet (500 m), but there are also extensive shallow shelves, noted for their marine life and corals. The sea is the habitat of over 1,000 invertebrate species and 200 soft and hard corals and is the world's most northern tropical sea.

The Red Sea is regarded as one of the most saline water bodies in the world that is governed by the effects of the water circulation pattern, resulting from evaporation and wind stress in the Red Sea. Salinity ranges between 36 and 38 ‰.

Sharm el-Sheikh



Sharm el-Sheikh (شرم الشيخ, also transliterated as Sharm ash Shaykh), often known simply as "Sharm", is a city situated on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, in Janub Sina', Egypt, on the coastal strip between the Red Sea and Mount Sinai.

Sharm el-Sheikh is the administrative hub of Egypt's Southern Sinai province which includes the smaller coastal towns of Dahab and Nuweiba as well as the mountainous interior, Saint Catherine's Monastery and Mount Sinai. Sharm el-Sheikh is known as The City of Peace referring to the large number of international peace conferences that have been held there.

Thieves Lead Scientists to Dentists' Tomb at Egyptian Pyramids


Zahi Hawass, chief of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities,
at the entrance of recently discovered tombs honoring dentists.

SAQQARA, Egypt — Thieves led an Egyptian archaeological team to discover three tombs of dentists to the ancient kings, unveiled Sunday at the Saqqara pyramid complex south of Cairo.

"It seems for the first time that the ancient Egyptians made a cemetery to the dentist and they are buried in the shadow of the Step Pyramid," Zahi Hawass, chief of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, said as he toured the site.

About 4,200 years old, the tombs honor a chief dentist and two other dentists, who served the royal families. They show that the ancient Egyptians "cared about the treatment of their teeth," Hawass said.

Newly discovered 4,200-year-old tombs
honor three dentists at the Saqqara pyramid complex.


He pointed out two hieroglyphs — an eye over a tusk, appearing frequently among the neat rows of symbols decorating the tombs' doors — that he said identify the men as dentists.

Thieves beat the archaeologists to the site of the new tombs, launching their own dig one summer night two months ago, before they were captured and jailed. "We have to thank the thieves," Hawass said.

They likely didn't notice a curse inscription just inside the prominent doorway to the chief dentist's tomb, which showed a crocodile and a snake, designed to ward off invaders.

Hawass said he believes only 30 percent of what lies beneath Egyptian sands has been uncovered. Excavation continues at Saqqara, he said, and his team expects to find more tombs in the area.

Saqqara, about 12 miles south of Cairo, is one of Egypt's most popular tourist sites and hosts a collection of temples, tombs and funerary complexes.

The Step Pyramid, Egypt's oldest and the precursor to the more familiar straight-sided pyramids, such as those at Giza, was designed by famed architect Imhotep for a third dynasty pharaoh, King Djoser.

FROM WEB SITE

The pyramids



Giza, on the southern outskirts of Cairo is the location of the Pyramid of Khufu (also known as the "Great Pyramid" and the "Pyramid of Cheops"), the somewhat smaller Pyramid of Khafre (or Kephren), and the relatively modest-sized Pyramid of Menkaure (or Mykerinus), along with a number of smaller satellite edifices, known as leens pyramids, and the Great Sphinx.

Of the three, only Khafre's pyramid retains part of its original polished limestone casing, towards its apex. Interestingly this pyramid appears larger than the adjacent Khufu pyramid by virtue of its more elevated location, and the steeper angle of inclination of its construction — it is, in fact, smaller in both height and volume.

The Giza Necropolis has arguably been the world's most popular tourist destination since antiquity, and was popularised in Hellenistic times when the Great Pyramid was listed by Antipater of Sidon as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Today it is the only one of the ancient Wonders still in existence.[copied from a source]

Learn Chinese in 5 Minute


(Must Read Out Loud)


1) That's not right………………………….Sum Ting Wong

2) Are you harbouring a fugitive…………..Hu Yu Hai Ding

3) See me ASAP…………………………Kum Hia

4) Stupid Man……………………………….Dum Gai

5) Small Horse………………………………Tai Ni Po Ni

6) Did you go to the beach…………………Wai Yu So Tan

7) I bumped the coffee table……………….Ai Bang Mai Ni

8) I think you need a face lift………………..Chin Tu Fat

9) It's very dark in here……………………Wai So Dim

10) I thought you were on a diet…………….Wai Yu Mun Ching

11) This is a tow away zone………………….No Pah King

12) Our meeting is scheduled for next week………WaiYu Kum Nao

13) Staying out of sight……………………..Lei Ying Lo

14) He's cleaning his automobile……………Wa Shing Ka

15) Your body odor is offensive…………….Yu Stin Ki Pu

Molokhia


You need the molokheya leaves, chicken broth and chopped garlic....

Cut up the leaves with one of those 2 handled choppers (My favourit part)
Put some samna (2 teaspoons should do it) into a pot and on the fire, leave to melt
Add the chopped garlic, fry lightly
Add the broth and bring to boil
Reduce the heat and add the molokheya leaves leave for about 5/10 minutes

Men and Dogs


Why Men Are Better Than Dogs

Men only have two feet that track in mud. Men can buy you presents. Men don't have to play with every man they see when you go for a walk. Men are a little bit more subtle. Men open their own cans. Dogs have dog breath all the time. Men can do math stuff. Holiday Inns accept men.


Why Dogs Are Better Than Men

Dogs do not have problems expressing affection in public. Dogs miss you when you're gone. You never wonder whether your dog is good enough for you. Dogs feel guilt when they've done something wrong. Dogs don't criticise your friends. Dogs admit when they're jealous. Dogs are very direct about wanting to go out. Dogs do not play games, except fetch (and they never laugh at how you throw). Dogs are happy with any video you choose to rent, because they know the most important thing is that you're together. Dogs don't feel threatened by your intelligence. You can train a dog. Dogs are good with kids. Dogs are already in touch with their inner puppies. You are never suspicious of your dog's dreams. Gorgeous dogs don't know they're gorgeous. Dogs understand what "no" means. Dogs understand if some of their friends cannot come inside. Dogs do not read at the table. Dogs think you are a culinary genius. You can house train a dog. You can force a dog to take a bath. Dogs don't correct your stories. Middle-aged dogs don't feel the need to abandon you for a younger owner. Dogs aren't threatened by a woman with short hair. Dogs aren't threatened by two women with short hair wearing sensible shoes. Dogs don't mind if you do all the driving. Dogs don't step on the imaginary brake. Dogs admit it when they're lost. Dogs don't weigh down your purse with their stuff. Dogs look at your eyes. Dogs like your size. Dogs do not care whether you shave your legs. Dogs take care of their own needs. Dogs are color blind. Dogs aren't threatened if you earn more than they do. Dogs mean it when they kiss you. Dogs are nice to your relatives. Dogs obsess about you as much as you obsess about them.


How Dogs and Men Are the Same

Both take up too much space on the bed. Both have irrational fears about vacuum cleaning. Both are threatened by their own kind. Both like to chew wood. Both mark their territory. Both are bad at asking you questions. Neither tells you what's bothering them. Both tend to smell riper with age. Neither does any dishes. Neither of them notice when you get your hair cut. Both like dominance games. Both are suspicious of the postman. Neither knows how to talk on the telephone. Neither understands what you see in cats.

9 Things Stupid People Do


9 Things Stupid People Do

1. People who point at their wrist while asking for the time.... I know where my watch is pal, where the hell is yours? Do I point at my crotch when I ask where the toilet is?

2. People who are willing to get off their ass to search the entire room for the T.V. remote because they refuse to walk to the T.V. and change the channel manually.

3. When people say "Oh you just want to have your cake and eat it too". Damn right! What good is cake if you can't eat it?

4. When people say "it's always the last place you look". Of course it is. Why the hell would you keep looking after you've found it? Do people do this? Who and where are they? Gonna Kick their asses!

5. When people say while watching a film "did you see that?". No Loser, I paid $12 to come to the cinema and stare at the damn floor.

6. People who ask "Can I ask you a question?".... Didn't really give me a choice there, did ya sunshine?

7. When something is 'new and improved!'. Which is it? If it's new, then there has never been anything before it. If it's an improvement, then there must have been something before it, couldn't be new.

8. When people say "life is short". What the hell?? Life is the longest damn thing anyone ever does!! What can you do that's longer?

9. When you are waiting for the bus and someone asks "Has the bus come yet?". If the bus came would I be standing here,
dumbass?

Special High Intensity Training


Memo: Special High Intensity Training (S.H.I.T.)
In order to assure the highest levels of quality work and productivity from employees, it will be our policy to keep all employees well trained through our program of SPECIAL HIGH INTENSITY TRAINING (S.H.I.T.). We are trying to give employees more S.H.I.T. than anyone else.

If you feel that you do not receive your share of S.H.I.T. on the job, please see your manager. You will be immediately placed at the top of the S.H.I.T. list, and our managers are especially skilled at seeing that you get all the S.H.I.T. you can handle.

Employees who don't take their S.H.I.T. will be placed in DEPARTMENTAL EMPLOYEE EVALUATION PROGRAMS (D.E.E.P. S.H.I.T.). Those who fail to take D.E.E.P. S.H.I.T. seriously will have to go to EMPLOYEE ATTITUDE TRAINING (E.A.T. S.H.I.T.). Since our managers took S.H.I.T. before they were promoted, they don't have to do S.H.I.T. anymore as they are all full of S.H.I.T. already.

If you are full of S.H.I.T., you may be interested in a job training others. We can add your name to our BASIC UNDERSTANDING LECTURE LIST (B.U.L.L. S.H.I.T.). Those who are full of B.U.L.L. S.H.I.T. will get the S.H.I.T. jobs, and can apply for promotion to DIRECTOR OF INTENSITY PROGRAMMING (D.I.P. S.H.I.T.).

If you have further questions, please direct them to our HEAD OF TRAINING, SPECIAL HIGH INTENSITY TRAINING (H.O.T. S.H.I.T.).

Thank you,

BOSS IN GENERAL
SPECIAL HIGH INTENSITY TRAINING

(B.I.G. S.H.I.T.)

in the dead summer fly


In the dead of summer a fly was resting on a leaf beside a lake. A hot, dry fly who said to no one in particular, "Gosh...if I go down three inches...I will feel the mist from the water and I will be refreshed."

There was a fish in the water thinking, "gosh...if that fly goes down three inches I can eat him."

There was a bear on the shore thinking," gosh...if that fly goes down three inches...that fish will jump for the fly...and I will eat him."

It also happened that a hunter was farther up the bank of the lake preparing to eat a cheese sandwich. "Gosh," he thought, "if that fly goes down three inches...and that fish leaps for it...that bear will expose himself and grab for the fish. I'll shoot the bear and really have something to brag about."

You probably think this is enough activity for one bank of a lake, but I can tell you there was more.

A mouse by the hunter's foot was thinking, "gosh...if that fly goes down three inches...and that fish jumps for that fly ...and that bear grabs for that fish...the dumb hunter will shoot the bear and drop his cheese sandwich, and I'll eat the sandwich."

A cat lurking in the bushes took in this scene and thought, as was fashionable to do on the banks of this particular lake around lunch time, "gosh...if that fly goes down three inches...and that fish jumps for that fly... and that bear grabs for that fish.. and that hunter shoots that bear...and that mouse makes off with the cheese sandwich.... then I can have mouse for lunch."

The poor fly is finally so hot and so dry that he heads down for the cooling mist of the water.

The fish swallows the fly... The bear grabs the fish... The hunter shoots the bear... The mouse grabs the cheese sandwich... The cat jumps for the mouse... The mouse ducks... The cat falls into the water and drowns.


The moral of the story is: Whenever a fly goes down three inches...some pussy could be in danger.

Some useful web sites about Egypt

Cairo
http://www.casualcairodetours.pryamids.com Customized excursions around Cairo and beyond

http://www.endurance-egypt.org distance riding in the Cairo area
http://www.yallabina.com whats on site for Cairo and Alex
http://ce.eng.usf.edu/pharos/cairo/Gallery/map.Map for Cairo suburbs
http://www.cairolocator.com/cairolocator8/cairolocator.htm
http://www.nileview.com/ Bed and Breakfast in Cairo Egyptian/Scottish run

Luxor
http://www.flatsinluxor.co.uk Accommodation and Tours in Luxor
http://www.luxor-westbank.com/indexe.htm Site devoted to the West Bank also in German
http://www.sunshine-international.co.uk/ Orphanage in Luxor
http://www.luxor4u.com for Luxor
http://www.luxor-airport.com/ Luxor Airport
http://www.el-gezira.com/hotele.htm El Gezera Hotel
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/nakhil.htm El Nakhil Hotel
http://www.tutegypt.com Custom tours in Luxor and throughout Egypt
http://www.egyptwithmara.com accommodation and metaphysical tours/info

News
http://www.cairotimes.com/ Cairo Times
http://english.aljazeera.net/HomePage Arabic News Station
http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/ Al-Ahram Weekly, newspaper in English, politics, travel etc.

Tourism
http://www.touregypt.net/ Egyptian Interest site and holiday guide
http://www.egyptforall.com/index.htm Tourism site for Handicapped travellers
http://www.egyptoffroad.com/index1.html Desert safari guided trips with an EXCELLENT host!
http://www.xe.com/ucc/ Currency Converter
http://www.sound-light.egypt.com/kar.htm Sound and Light Shows in Egypt
www.museum.gov.eg the web site of Cairo Egyptian museum

Trains, Planes and Automobiles
http://www.seat61.com/Egypt.htm train timetable for Egypt
http://www.charterflights.co.uk/flights/egypt/luxor/ Great deals on charter flights
http://www.thomson-holidays.com fly from Birmingham, Gatwick and Manchester to Luxor on Wednesdays. Prices from the 3 airports vary.
http://www.budgettravel.ie Direct flights from Ireland to Egypt between May and Sept. only.
http://www.cheapflights.co.uk/flights/Cairo/Dublin from Dublin to Cairo
http://www.opodo.co.uk flights from Dublin to Cairo
http://www.ebookers.ie for flights from Dublin to Cairo
http://www.airfrance.com flights from Paris Charles de Gaulle to Cairo
http://www.aerlingus.com flights from Cork and Dublin to Paris Charles de Gaulle for as little as €9 each way + taxes if booked well in advance
http://www.ebookers.com can have really good deals depending on dates
http://www.bargainholidays.com offers good deals on flights from London to Luxor and Cairo
http://www.justtheflight.co.uk for flights from London to all airports in Egypt
http://soha.egypt.tripod.com tour programs you can have in Egypt with prices
http://www.charterflights.co.uk/flights/egypt/luxor/ Amazingly cheap flights

Red Sea
http://www.goredsea.com/
http://www.elgouna.com resort in Egypt:

History
http://www.osirisnet.net/ really good Ancient History site in English, French and German


Holidays, Weather
http://moonsighting.com/ramadan.html dates of Ramadam and Eid
http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/62405.html Weather in Luxor
http://www.ameinfo.com/egypt/ public holidays THIS year etc., also for other Middle East countries

Living in Egypt
http://www.140online.com Phone directory
http://www.telecomegypt.com.eg/english/ Check your telephone bill online
http://www.alphapin.com prepaid phone services,
http://viapin.com/ - buy phone cards on internet
http://www.egypty.com about Egypt life,work,tourism.....)
http://www.cars.com.eg Used cars in Egypt.
http://www.mylapis.com flower and plants site in Egypt
www.egymaps.com/main.jsp?lang=eng (Egypt maps)

Official Websites
http://www.britishembassy.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1065721967477 The lawyers list from the British Embassy
http://www.emigration.gov.eg A Website dedicated to ( Egyptians Abroad - Job Seekers - Employers - Potential Migrants ). It contains valuable information about Western Countries and how to integrate in it in addition to, the information, an Egyptian may need in order to travel.
http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/print/eg.html About getting to know the country: Overview of geography, economy, politics etc.
http://www.egypt-rentaflat.com For information about Egyptian visas and residency requirements:
http://www.wayout.net/docs/hotspot.asp WIRELESS hotspots in Egypt (mostly Cairo, but also promise for Alex., Sharm etc.)
http://www.expedia.com/pub/agent.dll?qscr=mmfn Map for finding most locations in Egypt
http://www.mfa.gov.eg/english/news/default.aspx?ph=5 Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Marriage
http://www.marriedtoanarab.com Advice about cross-cultural marriages
http://www.unesco.org/webworld/peace_library/EGYPT/WOMEN/105.HTM Advice about Islamic marriages
http://www.geocities.com/jwassenberg/essays/marriage.htm Marriage and Islam
http://www.weddingegypt.com/default.asp Tons of addresses, links, email addresses for businesses in Egypt who deal with Wedding Services.
http://www.hollandemb.org.eg/english/marriagedivorce.htm Orientation in questions of marriage procedures and documents

Egyptian Interest Sites and Forums
http://www.egyptinsight.com/ Egypt online magazine
http://www.egyptiantouch.com many useful info about Egypt, food, currency converter, free Arabic cards, news, weather and many more things. -
www.virtualegypt.com/ history,ancient Egyptian language,monuments of Egypt
http://www.lexicorient.com about planning a trip
http://www.Egypt365.com another site (new) which will give information and answer queries about all aspects of Egypt and its culture is
http://p197.ezboard.com/bhellwayaegypt Egyptian forum, moderated


Other
http://www.egypt7000.com/egreetcar.html (Egyptian post cards) http://www.molon.de/Galleries.htm Nice photos from all over the world especially Egypt:
http://www.ask-aladdin.com
http://www.aldokkan.com/ebooks/ebooks.htm Books available to download in zip form.
http://www.tontin.co.uk/ Cartouche Maker Software to download a bit of fun...
http://www.egyptiandream.co.uk
http://www.website1.com/odyssey/week3/FYI02A.html Description of ethnic groups in Egypt
http://maldegitto.splinder.com/ For Italian people

list of schools and email addresses (many thanks newcommer)Alsson Language School: alsson@starnet.com.eg, scheri_adel@hotmail.com
American International School (AIS): ais@intouch.com
British International School: mbis@mbisegypt.com
Egyptian Language School: howaydaenany@hotmai.com
Futures American School: futuresamerican02@yahoo.com
Green Heights Language School: Admin@greenheights.org
Green Valley School: gvs@link.net
Hayah International Academy: mmagdi_k@yahoo.com, pr@hayahacademy.com
Heliopolis American International School: naisinso@nefertarischools.com
International School of Choueifat: iscad@sabis.net
Leaders Language Schools: hebahafez@hotmail.com, info@leadersschools.com
Manor House School: manorhouseschool@hotmail.com, octmanorhouse@hotmail.com
Misr American College: mac@mac-orouba.com
Misr Language School: MLS@menanet.net
Modern Educational School: mes-admin@access.com.eg, mesgcse@hotmail.com
Narmer American College: lymns@link.net
New Cairo British International School: principal@ncbis.org
New Victoria College: mahkabany@kabanyedu.com
New Ramsis College for Girls: nrc-secondary@yahoo.com
Orouba Language School: orouba_igcse@mail.com
Portsaid American School: principal@pss.edu.eg
Schutz American School – Alexandria: schutz@schutzschool.com
St. Fatima Language School: igcse@stfatima.edu.eg
Sunrise English School: american@sunriseenglish.com
The American International School of Alexandria: school@asa-egypt.com
The Continental School of Cairo: admin@continental-school.com
Thebes American College: thebes6@hotmail.com



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SuperMarkets and shopping Malls


There is "carrefour" supermarket in Maadi website & here's an article about it

"Metro" Supermarket branched alover cairo

"Alfa" market in Maadi, Zamalek, Salah Salem........... Alfa address in maadi (address: Dala Tower. Comiche El Nil St. . . . Telephone:
+20 5256030)

Spinney's Supermarket in City Stars mall in Heliopolis............... It's a big shopping malls

Landing in Hurghada



Notable places in proximity of Hurghada

* Sharm El Naga - a village, around 40 km south of Hurghada. Its beach contains possibly the most beautiful reef cliff in the region.
* El Gouna - an artificially-created and privately owned luxury hotel town, about 25 km north of Hurghada. Its beauty comes not only from its quietness and cleanliness, but also from the fact that the town consists of several islands separated by channels and connected by bridges. Besides 14 hotels and 2 marinas, there are also three hundred private villas and apartments, and some five hundred more are under construction. It is sometimes called Egypt's Venice.
* Al-Mahmya - a tourist beachfront camp on the protected Giftun island, 45 minutes by boat from Hurghada.
* Soma Bay - a tourist resort situated 45 km south of Hurghada, with various hotels including Sheraton, Robinson Club and Hyatt Regency.
* Sahl Hasheesh - a tourist resort situated 20 km from Hurghada airport.

River Nile in the morning beautiful look from the hotel



The Nile (iteru in Ancient Egyptian) was the lifeline of the ancient Egyptian civilization, with most of the population and all of the cities of Egypt resting along those parts of the Nile valley lying north of Aswan. The Nile has been the lifeline for Egyptian culture since the Stone Age. Climate change, or perhaps overgrazing, desiccated the pastoral lands of Egypt to form the Sahara desert, possibly as long ago as 8000 BC, and the inhabitants then presumably migrated to the river, where they developed a settled agricultural economy and a more centralized society.

Role in the founding of Egyptian civilization

Sustenance played a crucial role in the founding of Egyptian civilization. The Nile was an unending source of sustenance. The Nile made the land surrounding it extremely fertile when it flooded or was inundated annually. The Egyptians were able to cultivate wheat and crops around the Nile, providing food for the general population. Also, the Nile’s water attracted game such as water buffalo; and after the Persians introduced them in the 7th century BC, camels. These animals could be killed for meat, or could be captured, tamed and used for ploughing — or in the camels' case, travelling. Water was vital to both people and livestock. The Nile was also a convenient and efficient way of transportation for people and goods.

Egypt’s stability was one of the best structured in history. In fact, it might easily have surpassed many modern societies. This stability was an immediate result of the Nile’s fertility. The Nile also provided flax for trade. Wheat was also traded, a crucial crop in the Middle East where famine was very common. This trading system secured the diplomatic relationship Egypt had with other countries, and often contributed to Egypt's economic stability. Also, the Nile provided the resources such as food or money, to quickly and efficiently raise an army. Whether the army was to take on a defensive or offensive role is unknown.

The Nile played a major role in politics and social life. The Pharaoh would supposedly flood the Nile, and in return for the life-giving water and crops, the peasants would cultivate the fertile soil and send a portion of the resources they had reaped to the Pharaoh. He or she would in turn use it for the wellbeing of Egyptian society.

The Nile was a source of spiritual dimension. The Nile was so significant to the lifestyle of the Egyptians, that they created a god dedicated to the welfare of the Nile’s annual inundation. The god’s name was Hapi, and both he and the Pharaoh were thought to control the flooding of the Nile River. Also, the Nile was considered as a causeway from life to death and afterlife. The east was thought of as a place of birth and growth, and the west was considered the place of death, as the god Ra, the sun, underwent birth, death, and resurrection each time he crossed the sky. Thus, all tombs were located west of the Nile, because the Egyptians believed that in order to enter the afterlife, they must be buried on the side that symbolized death.

The Greek historian, Herodotus, wrote that ‘Egypt was the gift of the Nile’, and in a sense that is correct. Without the waters of the Nile River for irrigation, Egyptian civilization would probably have been short-lived. The Nile provided the elements that make a vigorous civilization, and contributed much to its lasting three thousand years.

That far-reaching trade has been carried on along the Nile since ancient times can be seen from the Ishango bone, possibly the earliest known indication of Ancient Egyptian multiplication, which was discovered along the headwaters of the Nile River (near Lake Edward, in northeastern Congo) and was carbon-dated to 20,000 BC. [copied source from a web site]

A group of 8 dolphins met in Hurghada



Dolphins are often regarded as one of Earth's most intelligent species, though it is hard to say just how intelligent dolphins are as straightforward comparisons of species' relative intelligence are complicated by differences in sensory apparatus, response modes, and nature of cognition. Furthermore, the difficulty and expense of doing experimental work with large aquatics means that some tests that could meaningfully be done still have not been carried out, or have been carried out with inadequate sample size and methodology. See the "cetacean intelligence" article for more details.

Dolphins often leap above the water surface, sometimes performing acrobatic figures (e.g. the spinner dolphin). Scientists are not quite certain about the purpose of this behavior, but it may be to locate schools of fish by looking at above-water signs, like feeding birds. They could also be communicating to other dolphins to join a hunt, attempting to dislodge parasites, or simply doing it for fun. Play is a very important part of dolphins' lives, and they can often be observed playing with seaweed or play-fighting with other dolphins. They even harass other locals, like seabirds and turtles. Dolphins also seem to enjoy riding waves and frequently 'surf' coastal swells and the bow waves of boats.

They are also willing to occasionally approach humans and playfully interact with them in the water. In return, some human cultures such as the Ancient Greeks treated them with welcome; a ship spotting dolphins riding in their wake was considered a good omen for a smooth voyage. There are many stories of dolphins protecting shipwrecked sailors against sharks by swimming circles around them.

Barcelona Statuette Under Suspicion


Barcelona Statuette Under Suspicion
CADENA SER, Madrid Spain
October 3, 2006

"El Gobierno egipcio quiere enviar a Barcelona un grupo de expertos en arte y arqueología para examinar una escultura que representa a una mujer,propiedad de la Fundación Jordi Clos, y que se halla expuesta en el Museo Egipcio de Barcelona. Las autoridades sospechan que pudiera haber salido de manera ilegal de aquel país. Se trata de una pieza del Imperio Antiguo (5ªth Dinastía faraónica, fechada alrededor del año 2.500 años antes de Cristo), que representa a una mujer llamada Nefert, esposa de un noble, realizada en piedra caliza policromada de unos 43 centímetros de altura."


Roughly translated: the Egyptian government wish to sent a group of experts in the field of art and archaeology to examine a sculpture which represents a woman, the property of the Jordi Clos foundation, exhibited in the Egyptian Museum of Barcelona. The authorities suspect that it was taken from the country illegally. The piece concerned dates to the Old Kingdom (5th Dynasty, c.2500 BC), which represents a woman named Nefret, the wife of a noble, made from limestone and c.43cm tall. [Source]



Looking for Cheap Flights To Cairo



I was aksed in a forum this question
Hey Guys and gals, Can anybody help me finding cheap flights from London to Cairo.I found floights to Taba, Sharm, and Hurghada but weren't able to find any floights to Cairo,
the reply:
just google "cheap flights from london to cairo" and alot of sites will pop up. when i was looking for tickes, i go so frustrated, b.c. all the sites were from the u.k
.

Nefertari (Nefertari Merytmut)


Nefertari (Nefertari Merytmut) c. (1300–1250 BC) was the Great Royal Wife (or principal wife) of Ramesses the Great. She is one of the best known Egyptian queens, next to Cleopatra, Nefertiti and Hatshepsut. Nefertari’s origins are unknown.

The origin of the word " Egypt" or " MISR"



Here is some points of views I receive from experts:

-Egypt is a Greek corruption - Aigyptos, derived from the native Het-Ka-Ptah, which means house of spirit ptah. Copt is also derived from Aigyptos.

Misr is Hebrew from Misraim. Misraim was the son of Ham, in Hebrew mythology.

-
Esoterically - the word Egypt is derived from the first letters for the essence colours
Emerald Green, Yellow, Pink, Turquoise (E-G-Y-P-T)
which are the colours associated with the ancient 32 foot tall egyptians that originally came from the stars and lived in Egypt before the flood ... those that delve into these mysteries will see these essence colours appearing electrically so there must be some truth to this...

-
The name Misr is a Semiticized form of Ancient Egyptian:
Medjr = walled district
Medjre = tower, fortress

These Ancient Egyptian words became Meetsrayeem [Egypt] and Meetsree [Egyptian] in Hebrew, and in Arabic; Misr and Masri respectively. It is the same as Westerners calling China, China, after the original Qin dynasty emperor [Tschina]. The Chinese, however, call their country Zhongguo or 'the Middle Kingdom.'

And yes, it could be by derivation ("double-wall") have come to mean the two lands...



Markets in Egypt which I Love



I just discovered that Carrefour has a website yesterday

For those of you who had no idea....... here you are........ They display on there all the stuff that have promotional offers

http://www.carrefour.com.eg/index.asp



My friend prefers metro market
For metro lovers this is website
http://www.metro-markets.com

Egyptian Hair Removal










Halawa Sweet - Egyptian Hair Removal - Assalya


This is a very old, very famous Egyptian recipe for wax that is completely natural and extremely effective. It is basically caramel, right before it reaches the crystallising stage (so it also tastes great). It is relatively simple to make, but take care to observe the carmelizing of the sugar, because the window for the wax to be just right before burning is very small. Do not be frustrated if you burn a batch; even experienced makers do this all the time. The best thing to do is to watch is continuously once the colour changes to golden brown. You can eat it or you can use it as Hair Removal.


Ingredients for Halawa Sweet, AKA Sweet, Egyptian Sugar Wax, or Hair Removal by Lucy Elsherif

1. Two cups of water
2. Three cups of sugar or three cups of honey
3. Two teaspoons of lemon juice


Procedure

1. Place all ingredients in saucepan. Bring to boil.
2. When its colour changes to golden brown, lower the heat and continue to simmer.
3. Keep a careful watch on the colour. Once it starts to change to brown, turn off the heat.
4. Allow to cool a little, then pour small quantities onto heavy duty plastic, of the cereal bag type. Plastic that is not heavy duty will melt. It is not a good idea to use a plate, as you will need to peel it off something pliable after it cools.
5. When it becomes cool enough to handle, pull a piece off the plastic and pull and stretch it. This will immediately cause it to change color, from a clear golden brown to an opaque gold. It should be easy to stretch and pull. If it is too hard, you have left it on the heat for too long and must make a new batch. If it is too liquid, it has not been heated enough and must be heated once more, or a new batch made.
It is now ready for use! Good luck in bearing the pain!
The trick is in knowing when to turn the heat off, and may take a few batches until mastered. One test is to take a drop on a spoon and hold it between your thumb and finger (cool it under water first!). It should stretch between them. If it too liquid to stretch, continue to heat, and if it stretches but is brittle, discard and repeat, reducing the time you leave it on the heat.

An easier, although more expensive, alternative is to use just three cups of honey and a few drops of lemon. Simmer for a few minutes until the colour changes then continue from step 4.
Making halawa isn't the difficult part, it's actually using it that is a pain. Good Luck ... Ahmed Eissa


Make sure you have the heat set low and do not stir it until all the sugar dissolves. After the sugar dissolves you can raise the heat. There is no guessing as to when the mixture is done if you buy a candy thermometer (not an expensive item) and bring the mixture to the hard ball sugar temperature of 350F to 360F. It will work every time no guess work there.


How to use Halawa (sweet):

Using halawa gives smooth, silky results that last much longer than shaving or depilatory creams, two to four weeks depending on how heavy your hair normally is. Having said that, it is also pretty painful, especially the first time. After the first pull, however, the pain decreases considerably as the whole leg (or arm) is less sensitive to the pain.

You can use Halawa on the underarms and bikini area.

First, trim the hair with a scissors, then use Halawa. It is pretty painful, especially the first time, but Halawa gives smooth, silky results that last two to four weeks depending on how heavy your hair normally is.


How can I store the leftovers?

Eat it like candy, or you can wrap it in Saran wrap and store it for weeks at room temperature, not in refrigerator. When you ready to use it again, hold it at one end and put it on a low flame for seconds (until it become soft). Do not put it in a microwave or in a toaster.

To start the halawa piece should be soft and pliable. If it is not, warm it between your palms for about 30 seconds. Alternatively, you can add a COUPLE of drops of water to it and knead it in. If it becomes too sticky, you have added too much water and need either to start with a fresh piece or too add some fresh halawa to the one you already have. (If it is sticky and melty better start with a fresh piece!)

1-Stretch the halawa onto your leg in the direction of the hair growth
2-Press down firmly and pull back, jerking it off in one quick movement in the opposite direction of the hair growth
3- Repeat until the skin area is free of all hair, this may take 3-4 times
As I said before, first-timers may find this painful at the beginning.
Try to do it after a shower, so the skin area is free of any dirt or bacteria, and don't use any moisturizers before using halawa as this will make it more difficult. After finishing up, rinse the leg with clear cool water to remove any remaining halawa, and soothe your leg with azulene oil if desired.

To reduce the effect of ingrown hairs, use a loofah or scrub as the hair is growing back. I have also heard (but not yet tried) of a product called Tend Skin (www.tendskin.com) which is said to completely eliminate ingrown hairs through reverse osmosis.
Good Luck!

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