some photographs

Some photographs require astonishing skill; others require being in the exact right place at the exact right time. The ones below needed both. Enjoy these astounding photos!

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see-through frogs

I heard that some people got this see-through frogs so that they may not dissect frogs. they just can observe all stuff from outside. I hope this is a Positively playing with genes.

The Egyptian kitchen

In any Egyptian kitchen, you usually have to have the following basic ingredients.
Onions
Garlic
Tomatoes
Ghee or oil
Rice
Bread
Eggs
Feta cheese
Spices (List)
Meat: mainly beef, chicken, pigeons. Alexandrians and Marsa Matrohians  eat more fish than the rest of us.
Foul medammes (Egyptian beans)
Lentils and pasta for Koshari reasons

The basic idea is to have three humongous meals. In my family, the afternoon meal (around 4-5 pm) was the hot one, but there are families who have their hot meals in the evening, and others have all three meals hot  , and some don't have no hot meals at all, not to mention those who don't have meals PERIOD.

The hot meal consists of the following:
- White rice.
- A vegetable pot, almost always cooked with tomato, onion, and garlic sauce.
- One or two sorts of meat.
- Some add bread, especially in the countryside.
- A colorful pot of salad.

Al-toctoc ( Al-toc toc) or Al toctoc

What is Al-toctoc ( Al-toc toc) or Al toctoc ?
It is motor bike with 3 wheels.
http://www.al-jazirah.com.sa/cars/07032007/35.jpg
It became a normal thing in cairo. It is used like Taxi but for small distance.

Marination

Marination: soaking foods in a seasoned, often acidic, liquid before cooking
the liquid is vinegar with lemon and spices. It is commonly used to flavor foods
I have read that Some studies have shown that a reaction between creatine in muscle meats and amino acids caused by flame-cooking at high temperatures produces a cancer-causing agent known as heterocyclic amine (HCA). New research seems to indicate that marinades may discourage formation of certain HCAs in char-grilled meat
Immersion in an acid-based marinade for as little as forty minutes resulted in a decrease of 92-99% of heterocyclic amines (HCAs) in recent tests by the American Institute for Cancer Research. More studies are being conducted, but the acidic component in marinades seems to be very effective. Marinating is currently the best known method of discouraging the formation of HCAs.

Chicken Marinades

Here are a few marinades that taste great with chicken.


Lemon Lime Marinade
1 lemon
1 lime
3 tablespoons olive oil
1 crushed garlic clove
1 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon pepper
1/8 teaspoon cayenne

Worcestershire and Soy Marinade
1 Tsp salt
1/4 cup Worcestershire sauce
2 Tbs dry mustard
3/4 cup vegetable oil
1/2 cup red wine vinegar
3/4 cup soy sauce
1/2 tsp pepper
1 tsp garlic powder
1 tsp dried parsley
Mix this up when chicken parts go on sale. Toss the chicken and the marinade in freezer bags or containers that fit your family's needs and freeze them until needed. Defrost and throw on the grill for a quick, easy, and delicious dinner.

Asian Influenced Marinade
1/4 cup brown mustard
2 green onions, chopped
2 Tbs balsamic vinegar
2 Tbs rice wine vinegar
1 Tbs lemon juice
3 Tbs soy sauce
1 Tbs brown sugar
1/2 cup olive oil

Mustard Marinade
1 cup Dijon mustard
1 cup olive oil
1/2 cup to 3/4 cup lemon juice (and reserve the rinds)
1/2 cup soy sauce
2 cloves garlic, minced
salt and pepper to taste
a few sprigs of fresh rosemary
a few sprigs of fresh thyme

Yogurt Marinade
1 Tbs oil
2 tsp ground cumin
2 tsp paprika
2 tsp coriander
1/4 cup diced onion or 1/8 cup dried onion flakes
1/2 cup yogurt
2 Tbs lime juice
1/4 tsp salt

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posted by With a name like Smuckers

Egyptian cats

Wiki information

Image:Egypte louvre 058.jpg
Cats have been kept by humans since at least ancient Egypt, the domesticated cat, protector of the fields and home from vermin infestations, and sometimes took on the warlike aspect of a lioness. The first domesticated cats may have saved early Egyptians from many rodent infestations and likewise

Some wiki information about Metro in cairo from wikipedia.org

Image:Kairo metro map.png
The Cairo Metro in Egypt is Africa's only full-fledged metro system. The system currently consists of two operational lines, with a third in an advanced stage of planning.

The metro is run by the National Authority for Tunnels. The line uses standard gauge (1435 mm). Ticket price is EGP 1.00 for each journey (as of July 2006, EUR 0.14 or USD 0.18), regardless of distance. On all Cairo metros, the first two cars of each train are reserved for women until early evening as an option for women who don't wish to ride with men in the same car, however women can still ride other cars freely.


Line 1 (the red line) opened in 1987 after the joining of two existing above-ground lines with a large underground section through the city center. (Because of this, it is sometimes referred to as the "Regional Line".) The line runs a total of 43.5 km (27 miles) with 3 km (1.8 miles) underground, serves 33 stations, and has a 60,000 hourly passenger capacity per direction. Sometimes known as the "French-Built Line", this metro runs from the industrial Helwan area in the south to El-Marg northward. It is mostly above ground, with the downtown section below ground. This line was built in three stages:

    * First: (Helwan / Ramsis field): 29 km, opened 1987.
    * 2nd: (Ramsis field / El-Marg ): 14 km, opened 1989.
    * 3rd: Northern continuation of Line 1: 1.3 km, opened 1999.


Line 2 (Shobra - El Mounib)

Cairo's metro network was greatly expanded in the mid-1990s with the building of Line 2 (yellow), from Shoubra to Cairo University. Extending 19 km (11.8 miles) with 18 stations, it is sometimes called the "Japanese-Built Line" and includes the first underground crossing of the Nile. Line 2, which opened in four stages starting in October 1996 and finishing in 2000, has also been extended to Giza. It is mostly in bored tunnel, with two exceptions: a short section at the northern end approaching Shubra El-Kheima which is elevated, and a section just south of this by cut-and-cover. The main difference between Lines 1 and 2 is that Line 1 uses an overhead line while Line 2 uses the third-rail system. This line was built in four stages:

    * First: (Shobra / Ramsis field): 8 km, opened 1996.
    * 2nd: (Ramsis field / Al-tahrer): 3 km, opened 1997.
    * 3rd: (Al-tahrer / Cairo University in Bolak): 5.5 km, opened 1999.
    * 4th: (Cairo University / Al-omraniya in Giza): 2.7 km, opened 2000.

Plans

Four more lines are proposed — all with the goal of reducing Cairo's chronic road congestion — with Line 3 (green) from Imbaba / Mohandessin to Abbasiya, and eventually to Cairo International Airport at Heliopolis. Line 4 is expected to go from the southwest at Al Ahram to the east at Nasr City; Line 5 is planned as a half-circular line connecting all the other lines, from Nasr City to Port Said Street and Shubra El Kheima; and Line 6 is to be a north-south line from Shubra to Maadi.

A recent transportation study of the Greater Cairo region was completed in 1999 and recommended the implementation of four new metro lines, Lines 3, 4, 5 and 6, in addition to the two existing lines presently under operation. The completed Metro Network will be capable of serving most of the densely populated areas in the Greater Cairo region, which is in much need of a mass transit system. The Metro Network includes many interchange stations between the six metro lines and also provides interchange facilities with existing main railway stations and bus terminal stations.

Line No. 3 in this plan has become an important project; this line extends from the north west of the Greater Cairo at Imbaba to the north-east at Heliopolis and will also serve the Cairo International Airport. The line crosses under the two branches of the River Nile, same as Line 2. The total length of the line is approximately 30 km most of which is in bored tunnel and will be implemented in four phases. The project includes a Main Workshop adjacent to the western terminal of the line and a Light Repair Workshop at the middle of the line at Abbasia. The implementation of Line No. 3 will start with Attaba to Abbasia section, the first phase, followed by the second phase from Abbasia to Heliopolis, which are the most urgent sections for the transportation needs. The basic design of phase 1, 6 km in length, has just started and will be completed by the end of year 2001 to be ready for launching as an international tender for its construction. The design of phase 1 is taking into consideration the safe crossing of two major underground structures; namely, the line 2 bored tunnel at Attaba and the wastewater spine tunnel north of Attaba. It is also planned that some of the underground stations will be extensively used as commercial centres. These stations will be constructed by the cut-and-cover method and the rolling stock will be fed by power through a third rail.

Line No. 4 crosses the region from the south-west at Al Ahram to the east at Nasr City, a length of 24 km most of which is also in bored tunnel and crosses under the two branches of the River Nile.

Line No. 5 is a half-circular line connecting lines 1, 2, 3 and 4 and has a length of 20 km. The entire route is in bored tunnel.

Line No. 6 is a longitudinal line stretching from the north of the city to the south, a length of 19 km, most of which is in bored tunnel. The six metro lines are planned to meet the transportation demands of the Greater Cairo area up to the year 2022. However, the actual construction and implementation schedule will be restricted by the available funding resources.

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