Histroy of Internet in Egypt

Full Internet services started in Egypt in October 1993, at the Egyptian Universities Network and the Cabinet Information & Decision Support Center (IDSC), via a 9.6K link to France carrying the Bitnet as well as Internet traffic. Several initiatives, by public and private organizations, were taken before that date for the provision of partial Internet Services in the country. The user community was estimated by that time to be about 2000 - 3000 users. Egypt Telecom: the Arab Republic of Egypt National Telecommunication Organization.(ARENTO) is providing the basic infrastructure.

In 1994, the Egyptian domain was divided into three major subdomains. The academic subdomain "eun" provides the service via the gateway at the Supreme Council of Universities. Eun stands for the Egyptian Universities Networks and provides the service for the universities and schools. The "sci" subdomain serves the scientific research institutes at the Academy of Scientific Research via Enstinet as well as other research centers like the National Telecommunication Institute. The gateway at IDSC/RITSEC provides its services for the governmental authorities under .gov.eg as well as to the commercial entities served via the various Internet Service Providers (ISP's).

Digital data access is provided to the end user using digital multiplexors. The first digital public backbone network installation in Cairo has been established jointly between IDSC/RITSEC, and ARENTO to provide a digital connectivity for the different Internet sites in Egypt. Interconnectivity has been drastically improved by the setup of a number of digital multiplexors as the first digital backbone for data communication in the country. Fiber international connectivity was made available on SEMEWE-2 or satellite via Intelsat and thus the basic obstacles of the infrastructure limitations have been overcome. An ambitious project regarding the deployment of VSAT services for Internet connectivity will provide the rural areas in Egypt with the necessary data communication infrastructure.

Starting January 1996, the gateway speeds have been increased by nearly 20 times. The user numbers have increased to 20,000 users in the government, business, and education sectors. IDSC/RITSEC started to provide connectivity to private service providers under the .com.eg domain, while some providers have their own international gateways.

what "yes" and "no" are in Egyptian and any other useful phrases to quote?

Thank you = shukran
Hello = ahlan
How are you = ezayek for a female and ezayak for a male
How much does it cost = bekam
thank you=shokran
hello= ahlan
bye= salam
where is ....?= fein ...
how to go to ....= ezay arouh ....
can i ?= momken
shops= mehalat
Fayn il........ Where is the

Bikam? How much?

Ana Ismi..... My name is....

(Mumkin) Ana Owza (or Ayza).... (Is it possible) I want...

Me - Ana
You (Male) - Enta
You (female) - Enti
He - Huwwa
She - Hiyya
We - Ihna
You (Plural) - Intu
They - Humma

My/Mine (male) - Bitaa'ee
My/Mine (female) - Bitaa'tee

Eggs with basterma

1-Heat butter in the pan
2-put Basterma in the hot butter
3-Mix  the basterma well
4-Put the eggs and mix with Basterma

This is one of my best Food in Egypt.
You can buy Basterma from the grocery.

Some Egyptian names of some spices/flavours

Ginger = ganzabeel
Cinnamon = qerfah
Cumin = cammon
Cardamom = habhan 7abhan
Oregano = zatar
Cloves = qoronful
Coriander = kozbarah
Basil = rehan = re7an
Curry = karry hindi
Paprika = filfil a7mar na3em bared
Dried mint = na3na3
Dried Basil seeds powder = re7an 7ab na3em
bay leaves = lawry
red pepper = shaatah
sumac = sumac
tumeric = curcumin or osfor
Garlic - Toom
Coriander has 2 types
Fresh - kuzbara khadra
Ground - kuzbara nashfa

Dill - shabat
Parsley - ba'doonis
Black pepper - fil fil iswid
Salt - Mal7
Sesame - Simsim
Thyme - Za'tar
Allspice = Boharaat, Bohar
Ammonia (powder) = Nashader
Anise = Yansoun
Basil, fresh = Rihan
Bayleaf, Laurel = Wara' El Laura
Capers = Qobbar (Abu Khanger)
Caraway = Karawya
Cardamom = Habbahaan
Cayenne Pepper = Shatta
Chicory= Chicoria
Chili = Felfel Ahmar Amrikani, Shatta
Chives = Korraat Baladi
Cinnamon = Erfah
Cloves = Oronfel
Coriander, dry, seeds = Kozbara Nashfa
Coriander, fresh= Kozbara Khadra
Coriander (powder)= Kozbara Matthoona
Cumin = Kammun
Cumin, black = Habbet El Baraka
Curry = Kari Hindi
Dill, fresh = Shabat
Fennel = Shammar
Fenugreek = Helba
Garlic = Toom
Ginger = Ganzabeel
Hibiscus = Karkade
Juniper = Habb El Aaraar
Licorice = Erq Souss
Mace = Bisbassa
Marjoram = Mardagoush (Bardakosh)
Mastic = Mesteka
Mint = Naanaa
Nutmeg = Gozet Et Tib
Paprika = Felfel Roumi (mish harra)
Parsley = fresh Ba'duunes
Pepper, black = Felfel Eswed
Pepper, red = Felfel Ahmar
Pepper, white = Felfel Abyad
Rosebuds = Zir El Ward
Rosemary = Hassa El Baan
Saffron = Zaafaran
Sage = Marmareya, Akbdar Chey
Salt, cooking = Malh Kheshen
Salt, table = Malh Na'em
Sorrel = Hummad
Savory = Zaatar El Bar
Sesame = Semsem
Sumac = Soumak
Tarragon = Targhun
Thyma / Oregano = Zaatar

Foul Medammes( my Favourite Egyptian food)

1lb fava beans ( soaked in water overnight)
2 crushed cloves garlic
teasp cumin powder
third cup of olive oil
teasp salt
juice of one lemon
half teasp chilli powder

Boil the drained and soaked beans in water till very soft.
Drain and put back in pot.
Add the the other ingredients and mash roughly.

Serve in hot pitta breads

How to make basbosa?

7 tbsp unsalted butter
3/4 cup superfine sugar
1 tsp vanilla extract
2 medium eggs
(2 cups) semolina
one and half teasp baking powder
3/4 cup yogurt
(1/2 cup) blanched almonds

Sugar Syrup

16 fl oz (2 cups) water
2 cups superfine sugar
lemon juice from 1 lemon or lime

Preheat the oven to 375°F. Start by making the cake.
In a large bowl, beat the butter, sugar and vanilla until light and fluffy. Add the eggs and beat well. Gradually blend in the semolina and the baking powder. Add the yogurt and mix well until the batter is smooth. Spread the batter into a greased 12-inch round ovenproof pan. Cut into diamond shapes and place an almond in the center of each diamond. Bake for about 35 minutes, until a knife inserted in the center comes out clean. Switch to grill/broiler and brown the top till golden.

In the meantime, make the sugar syrup: In a saucepan, bring the water and sugar to a boil, then add the lemon juice and reduce the heat. Simmer, uncovered, for 10 minutes, then remove from heat and allow to cool.

When the cake is cooked, remove it from the oven and pour the cooled syrup over the hot cake. Cool, cut and store in an airtight container.
Alternatively sprinkle chopped nuts on top instead of the almonds then bake.

My Recipe For cancer

This mixture is to be taken every day. 3 spoons of blossom honey+ arabian dates juice dissolved in fresh cow milk

This is my formula.

Try it . it's wonderful

Egypt 2007

This is How Egypt look like in 2007. I took this video when I rode the Microbus. It's actually funny for someone interested in Egypt and living in it.
To help me improve this video , It's FAVORABLE to give a comment on it.

Winter in Egypt

People tend to think that the winter in Egypt is so nice and warm and sunny and cosy. Which is not exactly true.

Let's talk about the Egyptian winter for those who actually plan to spend extended periods of time in Egypt or winter holidays there.

I find Cairo and Alexandria to be much colder than Luxor or Aswan, in winter. To me, even cooler Egyptian weather is tropical, compared to the freezing reality of home. Being in an Egyptian house is very much colder than in a well insulated hotel room.

A few years ago, we experienced a weird little flash flood in Luxor. This was very unusual, as it rarely rains there (a few spots, perhaps, occasionally). What impressed me was how quickly the fallen trees were removed from the roads. Before that, it was well over a decade since I experienced real rain in Luxor. I remember the problems it caused due to the construction of many homes.

Egyptian recipe for Acne and gaining a fair complexion

How to gain a fair complexion according to an egyptian invented way?
Do these procedures every day in the morning?
1- Get a blossom honey from upper Egypt .
2- add two spoon of honey to a cup and complete the cup with water.
3- mix well till the honey dissolve
4- rub your face with the solution twice daily.
5- Make your breakfast 7 arabian dates every day
6-Don't ever touch your face by your hands before at least two months.
The results will be amazing just try it.

We are going to know more about acne, What's acne?

Acne is the most common skin disorder. It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the sebaceous hair follicles. Each follicle contains a fine hair and many sebaceous glands (the skin’s oil glands).

Under normal circumstances, sebum, the oily substance made by the sebaceous glands, travels up the hair follicle and out to the skin’s surface. However, with acne, sebum is trapped within the follicle and skin bacteria multiply within the clogged pores. Acne develops on those areas of the skin where sebaceous glands are most numerous: the face, scalp, neck, chest, back, and upper arms and shoulders.

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My Thoughts about Egypt and the Egyptian life.

copyright 2008

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